Workplace HIV/AIDS control

Export Indicator

Percentage of large enterprises/companies that have HIV/AIDS workplace policies and programmes
What it measures

 
To assess progress in implementing workplace policies and programmes to combat HIV/AIDS. Formal-sector workers are central to the development efforts of low-income countries. Business productivity is being undermined by the AIDS epidemic through the detrimental effects of higher morbidity, and mortality on staff performance, absenteeism and turnover, skills shortages and low workforce morale. Individual workers frequently have large numbers of dependent relatives. Male workers, in particular, are often at high risk of acquiring and transmitting HIV especially where labour migration is common. Those infected may also suffer stigma and discrimination in the workplace. However, the workplace is often a highly convenient and conducive setting for HIV control activities and workplace-based interventions have proven to be effective.

 

Rationale
Numerator

Number of employers with HIV/AIDS policies and programmes that meet all of the following criteria. 1. Prevention of stigmatization and discrimination on the basis of HIV infection status in: (a) staff recruitment and promotion; and (b) employment, sickness and termination benefits. 2. Workplace-based HIV/AIDS prevention activities that cover: (a) the basic facts on HIV/AIDS; (b) specifi c work-related HIV-transmission hazards and safeguards; (c) condom promotion; (d) voluntary counselling and testing; (e) sexually transmitted infection diagnosis and treatment; and (f) provisions for HIV/AIDS related drugs.

Denominator

Number of employers surveyed.

Calculation
Method of measurement

Employers are asked to state whether they are currently implementing personnel policies and programmes that cover, as a minimum, all of the following aspects. 1. Prevention of stigmatization and discrimination on the basis of HIV infection status in: (a) staff recruitment and promotion; and (b) employment, sickness and termination benefi ts. 2. Workplace-based HIV/AIDS prevention activities that cover: (a) the basic facts on HIV/AIDS; (b) specifi c work-related HIV-transmission hazards and safeguards; (c) condom promotion; (d) voluntary counselling and testing; (e) sexually transmitted infection diagnosis and treatment; and (f) provisions for HIV/AIDS related drugs. Copies of written personnel policies and regulations should be obtained and assessed wherever possible. Indicator scores are required for all employers combined and for the public and private sectors separately. Estimates of the total number of men and women in formal sector workforce should also be provided in the supporting information provided for this indicator.

Measurement frequency

Biennial

Disaggregation

Condom type: N/A

Education: N/A

Gender: N/A

Geographic location: N/A

HIV status: N/A

Pregnancy status: N/A

Sector: Private, Public

Service Type: N/A

Target: N/A

Time period: N/A

Type of orphan: N/A

Vulnerability status: N/A

Explanation of the numerator
Explanation of the denominator
Strengths and weaknesses

*People employed in small businesses and the informal sector often constitute a signifi cant proportion of the workforce but are less likely to be reached by workplace HIV/AIDS programmes. Nevertheless, trends in this indicator will provide a useful guide to incremental improvements in national coverage. *The indicator is useful even in countries where HIV prevalence is low because early action in educating workers on HIV prevention is essential if the likelihood of serious economic and social consequences from HIV and AIDS is going to be reduced.

Further information