Total number of male and female condoms available for distribution nationwide during the last 12 months per person aged 15-49 [disaggregated by condom type (male, female)]

Export Indicator

Total number of male and female condoms available for distribution nationwide during the last 12 months per person aged 15-49 years, disaggregated by condom type (male, female).  
What it measures

This indicator measures the number of condoms available for use by those in the most sexually active age group. Where active efforts are made to promote the availability of female condoms, this indicator should include both female and male condoms, although the indicator should be disaggregated by condom type.
 

Rationale

The first challenge for national programmes promoting condom use is to ensure that there are enough condoms in the country to satisfy demand. This indicator can be used together with indicators of sexual behaviour to give a powerful picture of the adequacy of condom provision.

Numerator

Number of male and female condoms available for distribution nationwide in the last 12 months.
 

Denominator

Total population aged 15-49.
 

Calculation

[Number of condoms in stock nationally at the start of the 12-month period + number of condoms imported during that period + number of condoms manufactured in-country during that same period] - number of condoms exported out of the country during the same 12-month period
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- x 100
Total population aged 15-49

Method of measurement

The numerator is calculated using information derived from key informant interviews, programme records, and/or inventory logs. For key informant interviews, individuals with special knowledge of the national condom supply situation are interviewed to identify all possible sources of condom manufacture, import, distribution and storage in the country. Next, data on the number of condoms in stock, the number of condoms imported, the number of condoms manufactured in-country, and the number of condoms exported are collected from all groups involved in acquiring and distributing condoms (i.e., manufacturers and major commercial condom importers/distributors; condom storage facilities; government; parastatals; NGOs; major donors).
 
Calculation of the number of condoms imported may be complicated by the number of organizations involved. Many countries have deregulated condom imports in order to maximise the availability of condoms. This means that condoms may be imported by a wide variety of companies, NGOs, donors and government departments. Information about the number of condoms imported may not be collected in a centralized or systematic fashion.
Where possible, data should be presented by programme. Traditionally, there has been a distinction between condoms distributed through family planning programmes and those distributed to reduce sexually transmitted infections. Generally, condoms distributed by family planning programme are primarily intended for use during sex within stable monogamous unions that carries a low risk of HIV transmission, whereas condoms distributed through AIDS programmes are primarily intended for use during sex in situations that confer a relatively higher risk of HIV transmission.

Measurement frequency

Annual

Disaggregation

Condom type: Female condoms, Male condoms

Explanation of the numerator
Explanation of the denominator
Strengths and weaknesses

The number of condoms available at the central level helps assess the adequacy of overall condom availability. It is important to note, however, that “availability” is not the same as “accessibility.” Whether or not condoms are accessible depends upon factors such as condom price and location of condom sales/distribution points. It is often the case that not all available condoms are distributed or reach the individuals who most need them. This indicator by itself does not provide a picture of how many “in-stock” condoms actually get distributed or used. Nevertheless, it provides a very low-cost source of information on condom availability that is helpful for programme planning and evaluation, particularly for national condom promotion programmes.

Further information