Percentage of target group who can cite at least one facility where they can access T&C services

Export Indicator

Percentage of target group who can cite at least one facility* where they can access T&C services. *Facility can include TB treatment clinics, settings providing PMTCT-interventions, STI clinics, general health settings, as well as stand-alone VCT setting
What it measures

This indicator is one measure of access to T&C services. It measures whether people are aware of where the services are offered.  This information can be used to ensure that messages which serve as an encouragement for people to access T&C services are relevant for different target groups.

Rationale

Targeting of HIV testing and counselling services is important in ensuring that the most affected groups within a population receive T&C services and can therefore access the information and supplies for prevention, treatment for opportunistic infections, and antiretrovirals. 
 
The target groups could include in-patients or out-patients, young people, women in the reproductive age, men, commercial sex workers, men having sex with men and intravenous drug users.
 

Numerator

The number of people surveyed who can cite one place where they can access T&C services.

Denominator

Number of people surveyed (based on the sampling plan for the survey used)

Calculation
Method of measurement

The following methodologies are recommended:
 
1.  Household Surveys
Household surveys can get nationally representative data from a sample of women and men to allow for a broad measure of knowledge of services.
 
2.  Behavioural Surveillance Surveys
For more specific target groups that are not easily captured in a households survey, behavioural surveillance surveys can be designed to focus on specific target groups by using alternative sampling methodologies.  These surveys are more difficult to duplicate if information on trends is needed.

Measurement frequency

Every 2-4 years

Disaggregation

Age group:

Education: N/A

Gender: Male, Female

Geographic location: N/A

Pregnancy status: N/A

Sector: N/A

Target: N/A

Time period: N/A

Type of orphan: N/A

Vulnerability status: N/A

Explanation of the numerator
Explanation of the denominator
Strengths and weaknesses

Reported knowledge of one place where one can receive T&C services does not necessarily translate into an accurate indication of accessibility to T&C services and should thus only be interpreted as a proxy for knowledge of services.
 
This indicator should be analysed by age and gender to look for variations in knowledge of T&C services.

Further information