People receiving counseling and testing
HIV testing and counseling are important entry points for prevention and care needs. It is therefore important to measure the number of people who access these services, as an indicator of the number of people who could potentially benefi t from prevention and care.
This indicator is designed to show how many people have been tested and received post-test counseling services. For the program manager, this indicator would be a cascade that would be able to identify the following:
1. Number of individuals who received pre-test counseling and/or pre-test information suffi cient to ensure informed consent
2. Percent of those tested who received pre-test counseling and actually tested
3. Percent of those tested who received their results
4. Percent of those tested who received post-test counseling
The number of people who have received HIV test results and post-test counseling
Number of people surveyed or total population, depending on method of data collection
It is suggested that data also be collected on those requesting an HIV test, receiving the test and receiving their results. It is also recommended that data be disaggregated for those under 25 as follows: 15-19 and 20-24.
The following methodologies are recommended:
1. Household survey: By asking respondents whether they have ever been tested and if so whether they have received the results. This indicator can be captured in a nationally-representative manner.
2. Health Management Information Systems (HMIS): Ideally, information for this indicator can be collected by reviewing data collected at the local level(s) and available through the HMIS at the national level.
3. Health Facility Survey. Where HMIS are not fully operational, the use of health facility surveys with a testing and counseling component in all relevant units/departments may be necessary. It is necessary to stratify the indicator by how these services are delivered. Specifi cally, whether by integrated (i.e. testing for diagnostic purposes) or vertical (i.e. stand alone VCT) service delivery. The denominator, total population, can be obtained from the latest census data.
Age group: 15 years - 24 years
Gender: Male, Female
Geographic location: N/A
Sector: Private, Public
Time period: N/A
Type of orphan: N/A
Vulnerability status: N/A