Number of the targeted population reached with individual and/or small group level HIV prevention interventions that are based on evidence and/or meet the minimum standards required

Export Indicator

Number of the targeted population reached with individual and/or small group level HIV prevention interventions that are based on evidence and/or meet the minimum standards required
What it measures

It is important to know how many people complete an intervention in order to monitor how well programs are reaching the intended audience with HIV prevention programming.

This information can be used to plan and make decisions on how well a certain audience is being reached with individual and/or small group level interventions. If a small percentage of the intended audience is being reached with either one intervention, then it would be recommended that activities are adjusted to improve reach. If a large percentage of the intended audience is being reached, then headquarter staff would want to take these lessons learned and disseminate them to other countries. The country can use the information to improve upon the quality of the program as well as scale-up successful models.

Rationale

Individual and small-group level prevention interventions have been shown to be effective in reducing HIV transmission risk behaviors. Delivering these interventions with fidelity (including intended number of sessions) to the appropriate populations is an important component of comprehensive HIV prevention strategies.

Numerator

Number of the target population reached with individual and/or small group level HIV prevention interventions that are based on evidence and/or meet the minimum standards required

Denominator

Total number of intended target population in the catchment area
*Recommended at partner level only

Calculation

Not applicable

Method of measurement

This indicator is intended to capture programs targeting general populations.
Programs that specifically target MARP or PLWHA populations should not be counted under this here. Instead count these populations under indicators #P7.1.D and #P8.1.D.

Explanation of Numerator
The numerator can be generated by counting the number of de-duplicated individuals from an activity defined target population who are reached with the defined prevention intervention. 

This indicator only counts those interventions at the individual and/or small group level. Individual and small group level interventions are components of a comprehensive program but are not by themselves defined as a comprehensive program. Partners do not have to implement comprehensive prevention programs to utilize this indicator, but should work with other partners and stakeholders to ensure that comprehensive prevention programs are implemented in the communities that they work in.

Number reached: Number of individuals in the target population who are reached with individual and/or small group level HIV Prevention interventions that are based on evidence and/or meet the minimum standards required.

Intended Target Population: The specific target population around which a prevention intervention was intentionally designed. Only individuals representing the specific 'intended audience' will count under this indicator.
For example: If a program activity is designed to target youth (ages 10-15) and individuals who are much older or much younger than the intended target population participate in the activity, then these individuals should not be counted. Only the 10-15 year olds for which the program was designed should be counted.

Individual-level interventions (ILI): Interventions that are provided to one individual at a time (e.g., individual counseling). The intervention assists clients in making plans for individual behavior change and ongoing appraisals of their own behavior. Counseling associated with testing and counseling should not be counted here.

Small group level interventions (GLI): Interventions that are delivered in small group setting (less than 25 people) and that assist clients in making plans for behavior change and appraisals of their own behavior. Small group can include a family or couple.

Evidence-based interventions: Interventions based on the country’s epidemic, the drivers of that epidemic, and the most current understanding of behavioral and/or social science. Evidence based HIV behavioral interventions have been rigorously evaluated and have been shown to have significant and positive evidence of efficacy (e.g. elimination or reduction of risky sexual or drug taking behaviors). These interventions are considered to be scientifically sound, provide sufficient evidence of efficacy in other contexts and/or target populations, and address HIV prevention needs of the communities by targeting the specific target population.

Comprehensive prevention programs must be based on evidence and/or meet the minimum standards required.

Minimum Standards Required: In the absence of evidence-based interventions, other interventions that could be considered for implementation are those who meet the minimum standards required. These interventions are based on sound behavioral science theory and do have some empirical evidence in the form of being based on formative assessment results. They can also be based on a past successful program. All programs should use process monitoring data to continually gage the appropriateness of the intervention and plan to collect outcome monitoring data to determine effectiveness. 

In order to count persons reached, the interventions must:
– have a clearly defined audience
– have clearly defined goals and objectives

Measurement frequency

Continuously

Disaggregation

Age group: 10 years - 14 years, > (greater than) 15 years

Condom type: N/A

Education: N/A

Gender: Male, Female

Geographic location: N/A

HIV status: N/A

Pregnancy status: N/A

Sector: N/A

Service Type: N/A

Target: N/A

Time period: N/A

Type of orphan: N/A

Vulnerability status: N/A

Explanation of the numerator
Explanation of the denominator
Strengths and weaknesses

This indicator provides information on the total number of unduplicated individuals that received individual-level and/or small-group level interventions.

Further information