Number of people on opioid substitution therapy (OST)

Export Indicator

Number of people on opioid substitution therapy (OST)
What it measures

National commitment and progress towards the treatment of opioid dependence and reduction of HIV transmission probabilities among people who inject drugs.

Rationale

Opioid substitution therapy represents a commitment to treat opioid dependence and to reduce the frequency of injecting, preferably to zero. OST is the most effective public health tool for reducing injecting drug use among opioid injectors. OST also provides a crucial support for the treatment of other health conditions, including HIV, TB and viral hepatitis.

Numerator
Denominator
Calculation
Method of measurement

Programme data

Disaggregation: Administrative units; Urban, rural

Measurement frequency
Disaggregation

Geographic location: Urban, Rural

Explanation of the numerator
Explanation of the denominator
Strengths and weaknesses

Number of people on OST should be readily available and valid since they are typically licensed by the relevant authorities.

Additional considerations
Please refer to the WHO/UNODC/UNAIDS Technical Guide for countries to set targets for universal access to HIV prevention, treatment and care for injecting drug users ( http://www.who.int/hiv/topics/idu/en/index.html ) for a proposed complete set of globally agreed indicators for IDUs.

Data utilization: Try to assess whether sufficient OSTs are available for the number and distribution of people who are dependent on opiods in the country.

Further information

Other References: WHO/UNODC/UNAIDS Technical Guide for countries to set targets for universal access to HIV prevention, treatment and care for injecting drug users ( http://www.who.int/hiv/topics/idu/en/index.html )