National funds spent by government on HIV/AIDS prevention programmes for young people
This indicator complements core indicator 2 included in the UNAIDS Guidelines on construction of core indicators. The UNAIDS indicator measures spending on HIV prevention, and consists of measures of expenditure in four areas: STD control activities, HIV prevention, HIV/AIDS clinical care and treatment, and HIV/AIDS impact mitigation. The present indicator, however, is concerned only with the economic commitment to enhance the prevention response to HIV/AIDS for young people, including life-skills-based education through schools, IEC campaigns targeted at young people, and programmes for the provision of condoms.
A survey is conducted of national government expenditures on HIV/AIDS programmes, and, within them, of expenditures particularly for programmes targeting young people. The estimates should exclude the cost of any multilateral, bilateral or international donor-funded government programmes. All local NGO programmes should also be excluded, except programmes or parts thereof that are funded by the national government.
Geographic location: N/A
Pregnancy status: N/A
Time period: N/A
Type of orphan: N/A
Vulnerability status: N/A
In some settings it may be difficult to obtain even general government expenditure figures relevant to HIV/AIDS programming. Where general figures are available it may be difficult to isolate, within them, expenditures on specific programmes, such as prevention programmes aimed at young people. Nevertheless, it is important to attempt to capture governmental financial commitment to HIV/AIDS programming for young people. The main weakness of this indicator is that it does not capture the financial commitment to all relevant programming for young people. For example, it does not cover the provision of youth friendly health services, as these tend not to be defined within prevention activities. Moreover, it is not intended to be used as a measure of resource availability but as an indicator of political commitment to responding to HIV among young people. All governments reflect their political priorities in their allocation of internal resources. Changes in funding allocated to HIV prevention among young people is therefore a good indicator of the importance that governments attach to the epidemic.