HIV Testing in the General Population
It measures progress in implementing HIV testing and counselling.
In order to protect themselves and to prevent infecting others, it is important for individuals to know their HIV status. Knowledge of one’s status is also a critical factor in the decision to seek treatment.
Number of respondents aged 15-49 who have been tested for HIV during the last 12 months and who know their results.
Number of all respondents aged 15-49.
Numerator / Denominator
Population-based surveys (Demographic and Health Survey, AIDS Indicator Survey, Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey or other representative survey).
Respondents are asked:
1. I don't want to know the results, but have you been tested for HIV in the last 12 months?
2. I don't want to know the results, but did you get the results of that test?
For further information on DHS/AIS methodology and survey instruments, visit www.measuredhs.com.
Every 3-5 years
15 years - 19 years
20 years - 24 years
25 years - 49 years
The denominator includes respondents who have never heard of HIV or AIDS.
The introductory statement “I don't want to know the results, but…” allows for better reporting and reduces the risk of underreporting of HIV testing among people who do not wish to disclose their serostatus.
Knowledge of HIV test results in the past 12 months does not guarantee that a respondent knows their current HIV status. A respondent may have contracted HIV in the time since their last HIV test.