HIV Testing in the General Population

Export Indicator

Percentage of women and men aged 15-49 who received an HIV test in the past 12 months and know their results
What it measures

It measures progress in implementing HIV testing and counselling.

Rationale

In order to protect themselves and to prevent infecting others, it is important for individuals to know their HIV status. Knowledge of one’s status is also a critical factor in the decision to seek treatment.

Numerator

Number of respondents aged 15-49 who have been tested for HIV during the last 12 months and who know their results.

Denominator

Number of all respondents aged 15-49.

Calculation

Numerator / Denominator

Method of measurement

Population-based surveys (Demographic and Health Survey, AIDS Indicator Survey, Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey or other representative survey).
Respondents are asked:

    1. I don't want to know the results, but have you been tested for HIV in the last 12 months?

If yes:

    2. I don't want to know the results, but did you get the results of that test?

For further information on DHS/AIS methodology and survey instruments, visit www.measuredhs.com.

Measurement frequency

Every 3-5 years

Disaggregation

Age-group:

15 years - 19 years

20 years - 24 years

25 years - 49 years

Gender:

Female

Male

Explanation of the denominator

The denominator includes respondents who have never heard of HIV or AIDS.

Strengths and weaknesses

The introductory statement “I don't want to know the results, but…” allows for better reporting and reduces the risk of underreporting of HIV testing among people who do not wish to disclose their serostatus.
Knowledge of HIV test results in the past 12 months does not guarantee that a respondent knows their current HIV status. A respondent may have contracted HIV in the time since their last HIV test.